Removal Of Prostate Gland Basics
When prostate cancer has been identified and the cancerous cells are localized, radical prostatectomy is used to remove either part of the prostate gland or the entire organ. It's a major surgical procedure that can only be employed effectively before the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. It usually has an impact on the sexual function and urinary control of the patient. In this article, you'll learn about the procedures used for the removal of the prostate gland. We'll also describe what to expect before the surgery and possible side effects afterwards.
3 Types Of Prostatectomy Procedures
A perineal prostatectomy requires the surgeon to make an incision in the area between the patient's anus and scrotum. During this procedure, the patient's urethra and bladder are exposed and opened while the prostate is removed. If the cancer has spread into the lymph nodes, an additional incision is made to remove them. The second type of procedure is called a suprapubic prostatectomy. A doctor removes the prostate through an incision made in the lower abdominal area. This procedure typically requires a longer recovery period and requires the use of a catheter. The third method is known as a laparoscopic prostatectomy. The surgeon makes several incisions in the abdominal area. A laparoscope is used to guide the doctor and other tools are employed to remove portions of the prostate gland (or to remove it entirely).
What To Expect Before The Procedure
Though doctors vary in how they prepare patients for the surgery, there are a few things that are likely to happen before the procedure. You'll undergo blood and urine tests as well as a physical examination. The doctors will also likely check your kidneys' function and conduct x-rays of your chest. Finally, you'll also be required to endure an electrocardiogram (or EKG). This allows the doctors to measure the performance of your heart to ensure it can withstand the surgical procedure.
Possible Side Effects
You should experience a full recovery from surgery within 6 weeks. That said, most men who undergo a prostatectomy experience some loss of urinary control. Also, because the prostate plays a key role in the the production and transport of seminal fluid, you may lack the ability to produce ejaculate. Further, it's likely that the nerves on either side of your prostate were affected during the procedure. If this is the case, you may lose the ability to achieve or maintain an erection.
After The Procedure
You can expect to stay in the hospital for 1 week after having your prostate removed. You'll need to drink plenty of water to help flush the urine (and blood) from your bladder. Plus, you'll be required to take medications to help fight off infections from the surgery. Though most doctors recommend participating in normal activities as soon as you're able, they advise avoiding doing anything too strenuous (including sexual activity) for several weeks. Though a prostatectomy can be a traumatic surgical process for your body to go through, you should be fully-recovered after 6 weeks, free from any problems related to your prostate.